Yesterday I had an experience with a friend of mine, who showed an extremely an aggressive and violent behavior because of certain reasons. This was a good incentive for me to start reading about human behavior the last 12 hours, trying to find some main points that would explain some aspects of a human changing totally his/her behavior becoming the complete opposite of how he/she normally behaves.
Social cognitive theory (Fiske and Taylor (1984)) and research have made important contributions to contemporary understandings of aggression and violence. Social cognitive factors are often considered in explanations of individual differences while the aspect of aggression-related cognitions is still under-researched.
Five main key points are central to the understanding of aggression, 1) aggression represents a behavior, not an attitude, motivation or emotion; 2) there is an intention to cause harm to the victim; 3) some type of aversive consequences occur; 4) the victim is a living being; 5) the victim is motivated to avoid the harm (Integrating contemporary aggression theory with violent offender treatment: How thoroughly do interventions target violent behavior?, Flora Gilbert, Michael Daffern 2010). Personality which also has to be examined while studying aggression, is not only reflected in average behavioral tendencies, but also in patterns of variability from one situation to another.
The capacity of the conceptions of human dignity and vulnerable agency to integrate principles typically contained in ethical codes and practice, such as beneficence, autonomy, and justice is another factor which needs to be considered. Conflict between ethical codes or duties can also cause inappropriate behavior. Dignity indicates the inner moral worth or status of human beings while in a more broader context the foundational role of the concept of human dignity is evident in moral theories and important human rights treaties such as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. In a more limited context, dignity depends on social recognition, a person has dignity if he or she lives according to local social norms and is thereby accepted as a reliable member of the community. Such a perspective is more restrictive
than the notion of dignity as a self-directed or autonomous life and certain actions or lifestyles may be viewed as unethical and therefore not permissible if they are out of step with local norms.
To be continued